Hot Crappie Fishing Tips: How to Bluff Late Summer Slabs

crappie from a bluff

Successful summer crappie fishing begins with finding the fish. Learn how two top anglers use bluffs to their advantage.

When we want to escape the heat of summer, we move into the cool confines of our air-conditioned homes. When crappie on reservoirs want cooler conditions, the fish head for bluffs.

Bluffs on impoundments are often along river channels, so the structure offers access to cooler, deeper water. The rock walls also provide hours of shade, creating cooler zone that is ideal for summer crappie fishing

Asked about summer crappie fishing tips, Texas tournament competitor Jeff Schwieterman noted his belief that rapid depth changes attract crappie to bluffs. “Crappie can quickly go to shallow water for feeding and then get to the deeper water for comfort,” he said.

The cooler water along the bluffs makes it easier to catch shallow summer crappie, according to David Morrison, longtime Oklahoma crappie angler and brother-in-law of Major League Fishing pro Tommy Biffle. Morrison can usually catch crappie less than 10 feet deep along bluffs throughout the heat of summer on his home lake of Fort Gibson.

Bluffs are ideal summer vacation spots for crappie because the structure allows the fish to either move horizontally along the rock walls following baitfish, vertically shift up the bluff to feed and down the rock wall to reach a cooler comfort zone or stay put in a piece of cover. Sunny weather will cause bluff crappie to either move horizontally to find shade or vertically descend into the cooler depths of the structure.  Morrison notices crappie will remain shallows along bluffs on cloudy days.

Some anglers employ spider rigging tactics or troll crankbaits to catch summertime crappie suspended in the open water near bluffs. However, Schwieterman and Morrison prefer casting, pitching or dipping to target crappie that relate to wood cover or rocks along the bluffs.

Counting on Laydowns

crappie on Baby Shadcrappie on Baby Shad

Schwieterman favors bluffs littered with laydowns. “I am looking for those that have trees that have toppled over and are lying in various depths,” he said. “The bluffs that I like to fish are just sheer rock walls with trees with a quick depth change. So you could go from zero to 30 feet deep in a matter of 5 to 10 feet from the bank.”  

The Texas pro suggests crappie will stay in the laydowns throughout the summer as long as baitfish are present and the weather remains stable. He has seen that a severe weather change or major rain event can cause crappie to abandon the laydowns. “Bluffs are more like river systems to me so when it rains there will be a lot of flow there and the fish will have to adjust,” he said.

The Garmin Panoptix LiveScope feature of his Schwieterman’s electronics allows him to see how many crappie are holding in the bluff laydowns. Once he finds a tree loaded with crappie Schwieterman moves within dipping range of the target. He uses 13-foot rods, so he usually keeps his boat 10 to 12 feet away from the tree and works the outer part of the laydown first. “As I go deeper into the tree I will move (the boat) in closer,” he said.

“Generally, in the summertime I use a smaller bait,” Schwieterman said, pointing toward a Bobby Garland Baby Shad as his normal lure choice for summertime bluff crappie. “If I am fishing just straight bluffs, I am going to do a double jig rig with two 1/8-ounce jigs. and if I am fishing cover like the trees and stuff I will just go to a single jig,” Schwieterman said. He favors a pink jighead and Bone White Chartreuse and Monkey Milk for the Baby Shad.

Schwieterman’s presentation of his Baby Shad depends on the mood of the fish. “If they are active fish, they are generally going to hit the jig on the fall,” he said. “If they are not active there are two things to do: One is you just get it to where that fish is at because if you are using your electronics, you just let it sit for about five seconds; Two, if they don’t react to it, then give a jiggle to it a few times and hold it there to see if they have gotten an interest in it. Once you got their attention, they are generally going to get it.” 

Dealing to Underwater Wood

bluff fishing for crappiebluff fishing for crappie

Morrison favors bluffs featuring ledges scattered with logs rising off the bottom or manmade brush piles. “I like to go down the bluff with a locator and find structure underneath like logs that float up during high water,” he said. The ledges he keys on are usually less than 15 feet deep.  

The side and down scan features of Morrison’s Lowrance electronics helps him find the underwater cover. After he finds the cover Morrison relies on the Lowrance Active Target live sonar to see crappie and know where to make his casts.  He positions his boat parallel to the bluff wall so he can work his lure along the ledge bottom at the same depth throughout his presentation.

The 2-inch Bobby Garland Slab Slay’R in the Lights Out (black and chartreuse) color is Morrison’s favorite lure for summertime bluff crappie. He favors a 1/8-ounce jighead for his Slab Slay’R because the heavier jig helps him keep the lure in constant contact with the bottom. “I mainly bounce it on the bottom,” Morrison said.

Looking at the cover on his live sonar, Morrison casts to the end of the wood cover closest to him and lets the lure sink to the bottom. If a crappie fails to hit the lure on the descent, Morrison slowly reels the lure along the bottom and keeps a vigil on his live sonar to see how the fish react to his presentation. 

If the part of the cover closest to him produces fish but the bite stops, Morrison moves his boat closer to the wood and makes a vertical presentation to the fish.  He will drop his jig straight down into the cover all the way to the bottom and then slowly reel up his jig to trigger a bite.

When the heat is on, head for the bluffs and try Schwieterman’s and Morrison’s tactics for some hot summertime crappie action.

All-Season Bluff Fishing

crappie near bluffcrappie near bluff

Crappie experts Jeff Schwieterman and David Morrison have learned that bluffs also attract crappie during other seasons.

  • Schwieterman finds crappie along bluffs from the post-spawn of spring until the extreme cold of winter drives the fish into the depths of the river channel. He dips Baby Shads into the bluff laydowns throughout these seasons.
  • Morrison fishes for fall crappie along bluffs by positioning his boat over deeper water and casting his Slab Slay’R towards the rock wall rather than work his lure parallel along the ledge.
  • During winter, Morrison is required to make a more vertical presentation to crappie holding along the deeper ledges of the bluff.
  • Morrison knows crappie will spawn in the gravel of pockets along the bluff in the spring, so he casts his Slab Slay’R with the 1/8-ounce jighead into 1 to 2 feet of water in the bluff cuts.